Laura Schwartz : “Feminism and the Servant Problem: Class and Domestic Labour in the British Women’s Suffrage Movement” (11/04)

Laura Schwartz, de University of Warwick, présentera sa communication “Feminism and the Servant Problem: Class and Domestic Labour in the British Women’s Suffrage Movement” le jeudi 11 avril 2019 de 17h30 à 19h. Maison de la Recherche, 28 rue Serpente, Paris 6e , salle D421

“In the early twentieth century, more and more women fought for the right to professional employment and political influence outside the home. Yet if liberation from household ‘drudgery’ meant employing another woman to do it, where did this leave domestic servants? Both inspired and frustrated by a growing feminist movement, servants began forming their own trade unions and demanding better conditions and rights at work. Feminism and the Servant Problem is the first ever history of how these militant maids and their mistresses joined forces in the struggle for the vote but also clashed over competing class interests. Laura Schwartz uncovers a forgotten history of domestic worker organising and early feminist thinking on reproductive labour, offering a new perspective on the class politics of the suffrage movement and challenging traditional notions of who made up the British working-class.”

Laura Schwartz is Associate Professor of Modern British History at the University of Warwick. She has published widely on the history of British feminism, and is the author of A Serious Endeavour: Gender, Education and Community at St Hugh’s, 1886-2011 (2011), and Infidel Feminism: Secularism, Religion and Women’s Emancipation in England, 1830-1914 (2013).

Discutante : Rebecca Rogers (Paris-Descartes)

Contact : Fabrice Bensimon fbensimon@free.fr

Autour de thèses en cours sur l’histoire ouvrière dans le monde britannique (04/04)

Dans le cadre d’une séance autour de thèses en cours sur l’histoire ouvrière dans le monde britannique, Anh-Dao Bui Tran (Paris Sorbonne) parlera des ouvriers de la construction au Canada (années 1850) ; Justine Cousin (Paris Sorbonne) parlera des marins extra-européens des compagnies maritimes britanniques (1860-1960) ; et Béatrice Robic (Paris Sorbonne) parlera du travail des enfants en Angleterre et au pays de Galles aux débuts de la scolarité obligatoire (1870-1914).

Cette séance remplace celle initialement prévue avec Catherine Hall, qui n’est pas disponible.

 Discutants : Yann Béliard (Paris 3) et Philippe Minard (Paris 8/EHESS)

Keith Gildart : “Writing Labour Life Stories: The Dictionary of Labour Biography in the Twenty-First Century” (23/11)

Keith Gildart, professeur à University of Wolverhampton (Labour and Social History) et co-éditeur du Dictionary of Labour Biography, présentera sa communication “Writing Labour Life Stories: The Dictionary of Labour Biography in the Twenty-First Century” le jeudi 23 novembre 2017 de 17h30 à 19h30. Maison de la Recherche, 28 rue Serpente, 75006, salle D421.

Résumé :

“The idea of a Dictionary of Labour Biography (DLB) originated with the socialist activist and theoretician G.D.H. Cole. For many years Cole had been collecting biographical snippets of labour movement figures. Names and details were initially entered into a number of manuscript volumes. In early 1959 after Cole’s death, his widow handed the volumes to Asa Briggs and John Saville. They both agreed that if research funds became available then Saville should take over the work of compiling a Dictionary using the Cole manuscripts as a starting point. It was first intended to produce a single large volume on the lines of Who’s Who but the scope of the Dictionary grew as the work progressed. Once information started to be collected it was clear that the project would have to be multi-volume and open-ended. With the publication of the first edition in 1972 the DLB has now run to 14 volumes. This presentation will explore the origins and development of the DLB, the methodological challenges it faces in the twenty first century, and the ways it can be used to explore the past, present, and future of labour history.

 

Discutant : Paul Boulland, co-éditeur du Maitron – dictionnaire biographique du mouvement ouvrier français, CNRS, Centre d’Histoire sociale du XXe siècle (UMR8058), Centre Pouchet (59, rue Pouchet, 75017 Paris)

 

Ophélie Siméon : “Robert Owen’s Experiment at New Lanark. From Paternalism to Socialism” (09/11)

Ophélie Siméon, maître de conférences en Civilisation britannique à l’Université Paris III – Sorbonne nouvelle, présentera sa communication “Robert Owen’s Experiment at New Lanark. From Paternalism to Socialism” le jeudi 9 novembre de 17h30 à 19h30. Maison de la Recherche, 28 rue Serpente, 75006, salle D421.

“De 1800 à1825, l’industriel éclairé Robert Owen transforme son village ouvrier textile de New Lanark (Écosse) en un véritable laboratoire social destiné à prouver une série d’intuitions politiques qui formeront dans les années 1825-1845 le socle du premier mouvement socialiste de Grande-Bretagne.

Référent omniprésent dans les histoires du socialisme britannique, New Lanark demeure cependant mal connu. Relégué dans l’ombre d’Owen, le village ouvrier a avant tout été perçu comme le réceptacle de politiques paternalistes innovantes. Bien au contraire, New Lanark a également été une source d’inspiration fondamentale pour Owen, et a notamment servi de modèle pour son système d’organisation sociale communautaire.

En réalisant une histoire sociale des idées d’Owen, ancrée dans l’étude de la vie quotidienne au sein de New Lanark, et de la réception de l’expérience auprès du grand public comme de la population ouvrière, ce livre réaffirme l’importance du village écossais dans l’émergence du socialisme britannique. En délaissant les approches qui limiteraient New Lanark à un statut de “village modèle” unidimentionnel, il interroge les ambiguïtés d’une pensée entre théorie et pratique, du paternalisme au socialisme.”

Projection du documentaire “Britain’s forgotten slave-owners”

Le documentaire de la BBC “Britain’s forgotten slave-owners” (David Olusoga, 2015), sera projeté à la Maison de la Recherche de Paris 4 (28, rue Serpente, Paris 6e, salle D040), jeudi 19 mai à 17h00. La projection, en version originale anglaise non sous-titrée sera suivie vers 19h00 d’un débat avec Nicholas Draper et Keith McClelland, co-responsables du projet Legacies of British Slave-Ownership (University College London), et Myriam Cottias (CNRS).

Affiche: cliquer ici pour la voir au format pdf

L’entrée est libre dans la limite des places des disponibles. Contact : fbensimon@free.fr

Laura Tabili: “‘To Keep My Living for Time Being’: Strategies of Makeshift in Interwar Britain”

Laura Tabili, de l’Université d’Arizona, présentera sa communication “‘To Keep My Living for Time Being’: Strategies of Makeshift in Interwar Britain” le jeudi 17 mai, de 17h à 19h. Maison de la Recherche, 28 rue Serpente, Paris 6e , salle D421.

La séance sera suivie d’un pot de fin d’année, vers 19h.

Discutant: Yann Béliard

Résumé:
The paper will reconstruct patterns of migration, work and settlement among migrants from the colonies to Britain, focusing on the 1920s and 1930s. Migration from colonies to metropoles partook of specific power relations and economic arrangements, yet also formed part of a broader and unprecedented population mobility between 1800 and 1950. Although scholars are aware that this population moved to and from, into and around Britain and the North Sea and Atlantic littoral, we still know little about where they lived, how much they mixed and married with local people, and the extent to which these patterns persisted or altered after the second world war. Analyzing records of several hundred individuals enables systematically reconstructing their places of origin, time, place and manner of arrival in Britain, patterns of dispersal and settlement within Britain, their strategies of getting a living and their travels within and beyond Britain.
Feminist historians have described how women compensated for their disadvantage in labor markets while reconciling social labor with domestic responsibilities through “economies of makeshift” involving paid and unpaid labor within and outside the household, as well as pawning, scrounging and semi-legal activities. This paper specifically describes how colonized migrants in Britain similarly compensated for their limited and constrained occupational choices by moving from job to job, town to town, and occupation to occupation.

Lawrence Goldman: “Founding the Welfare State: The Collective Biography of William Beveridge, R. H. Tawney and William Temple”

Lawrence Goldman, de l’Institute of Historical Research, présentera sa communication “Founding the Welfare State: The Collective Biography of William Beveridge, R. H. Tawney and William Temple” le jeudi 7 avril, de 17h à 19h. Maison de la Recherche, 28 rue Serpente, Paris 6e , salle D421.

En raison des contrôles de sécurité, les personnes extérieures à Paris IV souhaitant assister à ce séminaire sont invitées à se munir d’une carte d’étudiant ou d’une carte professionnelle, ou encore d’une carte d’identité et de cette annonce imprimée.

Podcast ci-dessous ou sur le site de la SAS:

 

Diaporama: cliquer pour télécharger

Résumé:

This paper will examine the close personal relations between three of the most prominent British social reformers of the twentieth century. Tawney and Temple were at school together; all three overlapped as students in the same Oxford college; Tawney married Beveridge’s sister; they remained friends and colleagues for the rest of their lives. What do these personal relationships tell us about social politics in Britain between 1900-1950? Can the Welfare State be reduced to three interlocking biographies? And in what ways was the English intellectual and political elite different from the French elite in this period?

Paul Pickering, “Rethinking Australia after 1788: an island nation in a British world”

Paul Pickering, de la Australian National University, présentera sa communication “Rethinking Australia after 1788: an island nation in a British world” le vendredi 1er avril, de 14h à 16h. Maison de la Recherche, 28 rue Serpente, Paris 6e , salle D323.

Changement de date : cette séance remplace celle initialement prévue le 31 mars, reportée en raison de la journée de mobilisation contre la loi travail.

Podcast ci-dessous et sur le site de la SAS:

Résumé:

Australia is often cited as one of the most successful democracies in the world. Many of the social and political reforms achieved in Australia before the First World War were implemented well before the Imperial metropole. Indeed, as early as the 1890s, Australia was widely regarded as a ‘workingman’s paradise’ and a ‘Better Britain’. The achievement of a comparatively progressive and democratic society however was tainted by racist views, which diverged markedly from the abstract notions of indigenous rights in the Empire. This paper will examine the relationship between Britain and the ‘Better Britain’ in the antipodes and question the value of telling stories of the British World.

Selina Todd, autour de son livre The People: The Rise and Fall of the Working Class, 1910-2010

Selina Todd, de l’Université d’Oxford, ouvrira une discussion autour de son livre The People: The Rise and Fall of the Working Class, 1910-2010 (London, John Murray, 2014) le jeudi 17 mars de 17h à 19h. Maison de la Recherche, 28 rue Serpente, Paris 6e , salle D421.

En raison des contrôles de sécurité, les personnes extérieures à Paris IV souhaitant assister à ce séminaire sont invitées à se munir d’une carte d’étudiant ou d’une carte professionnelle, ou encore d’une carte d’identité et de cette annonce imprimée.

Discutant: Yann Béliard de l’Université Paris 3-Sorbonne Nouvelle

Podcast ci-dessous et sur le site de la SAS:

Présentation de l’éditeur : ‘There was nothing extraordinary about my childhood or background. And yet I looked in vain for any aspect of my family’s story when I went to university to read history, and continued to search fruitlessly for it throughout the next decade. Eventually I realised I would have to write this history myself.’

What was it really like to live through the twentieth century? In 1910 three-quarters of the population were working class, but their story has been ignored until now. Based on the first-person accounts of servants, factory workers, miners and housewives, award-winning historian Selina Todd reveals an unexpected Britain where cinema audiences shook their fists at footage of Winston Churchill, communities supported strikers and pools winners (like Viv Nicholson) refused to become respectable. Charting the rise of the working class, through two world wars to their fall in Thatcher’s Britain and today, Todd tells their story for the first time, in their own words. Uncovering a huge hidden swathe of Britain’s past, The People is the vivid history of a revolutionary century and the people who really made Britain great.

Catherine Cox: “Prisoners, reform and mental health in the nineteenth century”

Catherine Cox, de University College, Dublin, résentera sa communication “Prisoners, reform and mental health in the nineteenth century” le jeudi 10 mars , de 17h à 19h. Maison de la Recherche, 28 rue Serpente, Paris 6e , salle D421.

En raison des contrôles de sécurité, les personnes extérieures à Paris IV souhaitant assister à ce séminaire sont invitées à se munir d’une carte d’étudiant ou d’une carte professionnelle, ou encore d’une carte d’identité et de cette annonce imprimée.

Discutante: Emmanuelle de Champs

Podcast ci-dessous et sur le site de la SAS:

Mark Knights: “Anti-corruption in Seventeenth and Eighteenth-century Britain”

Mark Knights , de l’Université de Warwick, présentera sa communication “Anti-corruption in Seventeenth and Eighteenth-century Britain” le jeudi 18 février, de 17h à 19h. Maison de la Recherche, 28 rue Serpente, Paris 6e , salle D421.

En raison des contrôles de sécurité, les personnes extérieures à Paris IV souhaitant assister à ce séminaire sont invitées à se munir d’une carte d’étudiant ou d’une carte professionnelle, ou encore d’une carte d’identité et de cette annonce imprimée.

Résumé:

This paper examines anti-corruption in Britain and its colonies, from the late sixteenth century reformation to the reform movements of the nineteenth century (when the term ‘anti-corruption’ was coined). There are a number of reasons why it makes sense to treat the topic across a period of 250 years. Continuer la lecture

Kathryn Gleadle, “Juvenile agency and the making of political elites: subversion and the childhood archive of Eva Knatchbull-Hugessen (1861-95)”

Kathryn Gleadle, de l’Université d’Oxford, présentera sa communication “Juvenile agency and the making of political elites:  subversion and the childhood archive of Eva Knatchbull-Hugessen (1861-95)” le jeudi 4 février de 17h à 19h. Maison de la Recherche, 28 rue Serpente, Paris 6e , salle D421.

En raison des contrôles de sécurité, les personnes extérieures à Paris IV souhaitant assister à ce séminaire sont invitées à se munir d’une carte d’étudiant ou d’une carte professionnelle, ou encore d’une carte d’identité et de cette annonce imprimée.

Discutante : Myriam Boussahba-Bravard (Paris-Diderot)

Podcast ci-dessous et sur le site de l’IHR:

Résumé:

The nineteenth century was the age of writing and Victorians were avid archivists of their own words. What is especially striking is the extent to which juvenile material was incorporated within family collections. As Sanchez-Eppler has observed [2005], the universality and temporary nature of childhood makes it an especially valuable tool with which to probe the construction of class and identity. Juvenile texts enable us to explore how these subjectivities were expressed and reaffirmed in familial manuscript practices. In so doing it will consider how children themselves were active participants in the creation of family and literary cultures. In the process, the young not only passively reproduced, but also questioned, mimicked and satirised family norms. Continuer la lecture

Mathilde Bertrand: “Le mouvement community photography dans les années 1970 et 1980: quelle approche méthodologique pour l’histoire des pratiques photographiques militantes?”

Mathilde Bertrand, de l’université Bordeaux-Montaigne, présentera sa communication “Le mouvement community photography dans les années 1970 et 1980 : quelle approche méthodologique pour l’histoire des pratiques photographiques militantes?” le jeudi 7 janvier de 17h à 19h. Maison de la Recherche, 28 rue Serpente, Paris 6e , salle D421.

En raison des contrôles de sécurité, les personnes extérieures à Paris IV souhaitant assister à ce séminaire sont invitées à se munir d’une carte d’étudiant ou d’une carte professionnelle, ou encore d’une carte d’identité et de cette annonce imprimée.

Discutant: John Mullen , de l’université de Rouen

Podcast ci-dessous et sur le site de la SAS:

Résumé:

Le mouvement community photography apparaît en Angleterre à la fin des années soixante. Il se développe dans le sillage de la contre-culture, dont il adopte la posture contestataire et le projet culturel alternatif. Alors que la photographie entre dans un processus de légitimation artistique, le mouvement engage une réflexion critique et politique sur les usages sociaux du médium. Il se façonne également selon des principes et objectifs proches du mouvement community action, activisme grassroots qui se développe dans les zones urbaines défavorisées et mobilise un discours radical d’émancipation et de participation collective de la population à l’échelle locale. Continuer la lecture

Andy Wood: “Remembering social change and political conflict in early modern England”

Andy Wood, de l’Université de Durham, présentera sa communication “Remembering social change and political conflict in early modern England” le jeudi 3 décembre de 17h à 19h. Maison de la Recherche, 28 rue Serpente, Paris 6e , salle D421.

Podcast ci-dessous et sur le site de la SAS:

Discutant: Pierre Lurbe, de l’Université Paris IV-Sorbonne.

Résumé: This paper deals with the ways in which memories of warfare, reformation, rebellion and civil war played out in England between the early sixteenth century and the early eighteenth century. It focusses in particular upon popular memory, deploying fresh archival material in order to reconstruct memories of religious, political and military conflict. The paper emphasises the significance of memories of conflict for the ways in which political identities confessional disputes were fought out within England. This was due, it is argued, to the continuing divisions of the 1640s – memories of which shaped political conflicts into the early Georgian period. The paper also engages with memories of religious and political conflict in the sixteenth century, arguing that those memories helped to shape contemporary understandings of the period as a distinct phase in English history.

James Raven, “Lottery Lives: a comparative social history of gambling and the state lotteries in eighteenth-century France, Britain and Ireland”

James Raven, de l’Université d’Essex, présentera sa communication “Lottery Lives: a comparative social history of gambling and the state lotteries in eighteenth-century France, Britain and Irelandle jeudi 26 novembre de 17h à 19h. Maison de la Recherche, 28 rue Serpente, Paris 6e , salle D421.

Résumé:

This paper derives from the writing of a book that will offer a wide-ranging and comparative European and American history of the English state lotteries that sustained government expenditure for more than 130 years before 1826. These lotteries provoked major social, religious, political, economic and even philosophical debate, but they (and most of their Continental equivalents) have largely disappeared from historical view. This is despite the reprise of British state lotteries from 1992, and the historical comparisons that their organisation, sponsorship and criticism suggest. I shall argue that the English Channel proved an important divide in lottery policy. Continuer la lecture