Laurence Sterritt: “Illness, Death and Beyond: The Body as Witness in Seventeenth-Century English Convents”

Laurence Sterritt, de l’Université d’Aix-Marseille, présentera sa communication « Illness, Death and Beyond: The Body as Witness in Seventeenth-Century English Convents” le jeudi 14 avril, de 17h à 19h. Maison de la Recherche, 28 rue Serpente, Paris 6e , salle D421.

Discutante: Anne-Marie Miller Blaise

En raison des contrôles de sécurité, les personnes extérieures à Paris IV souhaitant assister à ce séminaire sont invitées à se munir d’une carte d’étudiant ou d’une carte professionnelle, ou encore d’une carte d’identité et de cette annonce imprimée.

Résumé:
The obituaries which describe the last illnesses and dying hours of religious women have often been described as formulaic and, therefore, delicate historical sources. Yet, these narratives yield much information about what appeared important to both writers and convents, in the construction of their communal records. By telling of the illness and death of individuals in certain ways, obituaries partook of the development of communal memory and corporate identity. This was particularly important in the context of the English convents which were founded on the Continent in the seventeenth century. This paper will approach the topic through an analysis of the Benedictine Order, whose rich archives provide a glimpse into the interface between the personal and the collective experience of death, and throw light upon aspects of the construction of a Catholic identity in exile.

Mark Knights: « Anti-corruption in Seventeenth and Eighteenth-century Britain »

Mark Knights , de l’Université de Warwick, présentera sa communication « Anti-corruption in Seventeenth and Eighteenth-century Britain » le jeudi 18 février, de 17h à 19h. Maison de la Recherche, 28 rue Serpente, Paris 6e , salle D421.

En raison des contrôles de sécurité, les personnes extérieures à Paris IV souhaitant assister à ce séminaire sont invitées à se munir d’une carte d’étudiant ou d’une carte professionnelle, ou encore d’une carte d’identité et de cette annonce imprimée.

Résumé:

This paper examines anti-corruption in Britain and its colonies, from the late sixteenth century reformation to the reform movements of the nineteenth century (when the term ‘anti-corruption’ was coined). There are a number of reasons why it makes sense to treat the topic across a period of 250 years. Lire la suite

Andy Wood: “Remembering social change and political conflict in early modern England”

Andy Wood, de l’Université de Durham, présentera sa communication « Remembering social change and political conflict in early modern England » le jeudi 3 décembre de 17h à 19h. Maison de la Recherche, 28 rue Serpente, Paris 6e , salle D421.

Podcast ci-dessous et sur le site de la SAS:

Discutant: Pierre Lurbe, de l’Université Paris IV-Sorbonne.

Résumé: This paper deals with the ways in which memories of warfare, reformation, rebellion and civil war played out in England between the early sixteenth century and the early eighteenth century. It focusses in particular upon popular memory, deploying fresh archival material in order to reconstruct memories of religious, political and military conflict. The paper emphasises the significance of memories of conflict for the ways in which political identities confessional disputes were fought out within England. This was due, it is argued, to the continuing divisions of the 1640s – memories of which shaped political conflicts into the early Georgian period. The paper also engages with memories of religious and political conflict in the sixteenth century, arguing that those memories helped to shape contemporary understandings of the period as a distinct phase in English history.

Jacques Carré:  » « La Bastille des pauvres »: écrire l’histoire de la workhouse anglaise, 1630-1930″

Jacques Carré, professeur émérite à Paris IV, présentera sa communication  » « La Bastille des pauvres » : écrire l’histoire de la workhouse anglaise, 1630-1930″ le jeudi 21 mai, de 17h30 à 19h30.

Maison de la Recherche de l’Université Paris IV-Sorbonne (28 rue Serpente, Paris 6e), salle D421. Le séminaire est ouvert aux étudiants de Master et doctorat, ainsi qu’à toutes les personnes intéressées. En raison des contrôles à l’entrée du bâtiment, il est recommandé d’imprimer cette annonce et de la présenter à l’accueil.

Podcast ci-dessous et sur le site de l’IHR:

Résumé:

La workhouse est une institution publique d’assistance qui, durant trois siècles, a hébergé les indigents qui acceptaient d’y entrer. Les valides devaient travailler en échange de leur entretien, et les non valides de tous âges étaient assistés d’une manière minimale. A la fois atelier et hospice, refuge des vagabonds et des fous, des orphelins et des vieillards, la workhouse vue du 21e siècle peut sembler avoir eu des missions contradictoires. Pourtant elle tire sa cohérence de son action sur les marges de la société. Son objectif a été de réintégrer ces catégories de gens dans une « normalité » biologique et économique. Il s’est agi à la fois de sauver des vies menacées et d’inculquer une discipline à des rebelles potentiels, l’objectif théorique étant de remettre tout le monde au travail. Lire la suite

Graham Parry: « The Many Pasts of Britain: the Rise of Antiquarian Studies in the 17th Century »

Graham Parry, de la Society of Antiquaries of London, présentera sa communication « The Many Pasts of Britain: the Rise of Antiquarian Studies in the 17th Century » le jeudi 2 avril, de 17h30 à 19h30.

Maison de la Recherche de l’Université Paris IV-Sorbonne (28 rue Serpente, Paris 6e), salle D421. Le séminaire est ouvert aux étudiants de Master et doctorat, ainsi qu’à toutes les personnes intéressées. En raison des contrôles à l’entrée du bâtiment, il est recommandé d’imprimer cette annonce et de la présenter à l’accueil.

Podcast ci-dessous et sur le site de l’IHR:

Résumé:

As new models of scholarship entered England in the middle of Elizabeth’s reign, scholars began to take a more critical approach to the origins of Britain.  Who were the ancestors of the English? Where did they come from? What language did they speak? What was their way of life, their religious beliefs? The traditional views of the British past became discredited, as more systematic methods of enquiry were introduced. After William Camden’s seminal book ‘Britannia’ was published in 1586, a new type of scholar began to emerge: the antiquary.  The achievements of men such as John Selden, James Ussher, William Dugdale and John Aubrey will be briefly assessed, and their (often surprising) discoveries will be presented, for the enjoyment of a modern audience.

Sasha Handley: « Healthy Sleep in English Domestic Households c.1660-1700 »

Sasha Handley de l’Université de Manchester présentera sa communication « Healthy Sleep in English Domestic Households c.1660-1700 » le jeudi 8 janvier 2015, de 17h30 à 19h30.

Discutante: Sophie Panziera, Université Paris I – Panthéon-Sorbonne.

Maison de la Recherche de l’université Paris IV-Sorbonne (28 rue Serpente, Paris 6e), salle D421. Le séminaire est ouvert aux étudiants de Master et doctorat, ainsi qu’à toutes les personnes intéressées.

Podcast ci-dessous et sur le site de l’IHR:

 

Résumé:

This paper will explore experiences of sleeplessness in late seventeenth and early eighteenth-century English households. The paper draws on a selection of diaries, personal correspondence, medical receipts and healthcare advice literature to examine the physical and emotional effects of sleep disturbances, the explanations that early modern men and women offered for them, and the remedies that they employed to cure them and to prevent future interruptions to their natural rest. An assortment of sleep disturbances will be distinguished, from persistent ‘watching’ (insomnia), through to more transient experiences of sleeplessness that were intertwined with everyday illnesses and with important moments in the individual lifecycle.

 

Charles W. J. Withers : “Historical Geographies of the Prime Meridian: the Case of France and Britain in the Eighteenth Century”

Charles W. J. Withers, de l’Université d’Edimbourg, présentera sa communication “Historical Geographies of the Prime Meridian: the Case of France and Britain in the Eighteenth Century” le jeudi 20 novembre, de 17h30 à 19h30.

Discutant: Daniel Foliard, Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense.

Maison de la Recherche de l’université Paris IV-Sorbonne (28 rue Serpente, Paris 6e), salle D421. Le séminaire est ouvert aux étudiants de Master et doctorat, ainsi qu’à toutes les personnes intéressées.

Podcast ci-dessous et sur le site de l’IHR.

Résumé:

The Prime Meridian is the line at which the world’s longitude is set at 0˚. Both longitude on the one hand, and time’s measurement on the other, are based on the Prime Meridian. Since 1884, the Prime Meridian has been fixed at the Royal Observatory, at Greenwich, in the United Kingdom. The fact that Greenwich is the ground zero of planetary measurement is the result of recommendations made at the 1884 International Prime Meridian Conference, held in Washington DC, in 1884. Before 1884, however, there were many different prime meridians at work in the world. This was a source of considerable geographical and astronomical confusion.

In this paper, I examine the relationship between two different prime meridians, those of Paris and of Greenwich in the ‘long’ eighteenth century and do so through the lens of the historical geographies of science. The paper will explore, firstly, the debates between international politics, national mapping, and the local siting of the Paris prime meridian in the period c.1634 to c.1787, and, secondly, the workings of joint Franco-British attempts to ‘fix’ the prime meridians of Paris and of Greenwich by triangulation in the period c.1787 to c.1830. The paper is about rockets, maps, metrology, and trust in instruments, about the politics and authority of science and about the reliance placed upon questions of accuracy and precision and the tolerance of error as nations delimit themselves.

Rob Iliffe: “The rational religion of Isaac Newton”

Rob Iliffe, de l’Université du Sussex, présentera sa communication “The rational religion of Isaac Newton” le 23 octobre, de 17h30 à 19h30.

Maison de la Recherche de l’université Paris IV-Sorbonne (28 rue Serpente, Paris 6e), salle D421. Le séminaire est ouvert aux étudiants de Master et doctorat, ainsi qu’à toutes les personnes intéressées.

Résumé:
For two centuries Isaac Newton has been viewed through a bifurcated lens that divided up his ‘scientific’ from his ‘non-scientific’ work. The inaccessibility of his voluminous religious writings has meant that it has been impossible to give an empirically-grounded account of how the different domains of his work might be related to one another. However, the recent online publication of these works means that historians can now see more clearly the ethical and religious values that Newton believed to underpin all of his intellectual activity.
In this paper I examine the intellectual and religious sources for his exaltation of the intellect, including his engagement with Cartesianism, and his religious conviction that he had been granted a special vocation as a learned Christian. In the second case, it is clear that he believed that the cultivation of the understanding was a fundamental duty for all Christians, a procedure that was to be accompanied by the disciplining of the will and the imagination. I discuss Newton’s remarkable writings on the dangers of the imagination, which led to lust, legendary sacred histories, and hypotheses. Finally, I show that the baneful effects of the imagination in both the care of the godly self and in natural philosophy could be controlled by hard work, experience and reason.