Jean-François Dunyach et Nathalie Kouamé, autour de leur ouvrage _Sous l’empire des îles. Histoire croisée des mondes britannique et japonais_ (Paris, 2020) (jeudi 15 octobre à 17h)

Jeudi 15 octobre à 17h : Jean-François Dunyach (Sorbonne Université) & Nathalie Kouamé (Université de Paris), autour de leur ouvrage Sous l’empire des îles. Histoire croisée des mondes britannique et japonais , Paris, Karthala, 2020. 

  Présentation (4e de couverture): 

Et si, au regard de l’histoire, le Japon et la Grande-Bretagne n’étaient pas véritablement des îles ? Derrière l’apparente évidence de ces terres entourées d’eau se cachent, peut-être, d’authentiques malentendus. Les innombrables lieux communs sur les cultures et les esprits mentalités prétendument insulaires de ces deux archipels posés à l’Occident et à l’Orient du vaste continent eurasiatique, méritent d’être interrogés. 

Dans cet ouvrage, deux historiens débattent à partir de leur terrain d’élection, le Royaume-Uni pour l’un, le Japon pour l’autre, de la pertinence de la notion d’insularité en histoire. Dans ce dialogue où chaque archipel tend à l’autre un miroir, il est question d’identités, d’échanges, de cosmogonies, de littératures… Insularité subie, insularité proclamée, insularité dépassée : d’où vient la puissance des représentations et des fantasmes que recèle l’expérience insulaire ? Quel est, en somme, l’empire des îles sur l’histoire des mondes britannique et japonais ? 

Évoquant tout autant Robinson Crusoé que le mythe shintô de la création des îles japonaises, la colonisation romaine de l’île de Bretagne et les incursions mongoles au pays du Soleil levant, les pirates du Japon médiéval ou les ressorts du Brexit contemporain, cet ouvrage foisonnant, érudit et stimulant, s’adresse à tous ceux qui ont en partage le goût de « la différence historique ». 

  Attention : le port du masque est obligatoire dans tous les espaces de la Maison de la Recherche. 

La séance sera également diffusée sur Zoom : lien habituel, disponible sur simple demande fbensimon[at]free.fr

Ariane Mak: Enquêter en temps de guerre. De la crainte de l’espion à la controverse ‘ Cooper’s Snoopers ’ (1939-1945) (8 oct.)

Maison de la Recherche, 28 rue Serpente, Paris 6 e , Salle D421

Jeudi 8 octobre à 17h : Ariane Mak (Université de Paris) « Enquêter en temps de guerre. De la crainte de l’espion à la controverse ‘ Cooper’s Snoopers ’ (1939-1945) »

Comment enquêter en temps de guerre quand la figure de l’espion hante les esprits ? L’intervention se penche sur un point aveugle de l’histoire du Mass-Observation (1937-1949) – à savoir la manière dont cette organisation britannique de sciences sociales a dû faire face à une suspicion généralisée durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Celle-ci s’exprime en premier lieu dans l’enquête de terrain, alors que les enquêteurs du Mass-Observation, soupçonnés d’espionnage, se voient pris en filature par une population aux aguets, voire emmenés au poste. Cette méfiance se dit à un autre niveau dans la controverse médiatico -politique des « Cooper’s Snoopers » qui éclate autour de l’usage d’enquêtes scientifiques – et de l’enquête d’opinion en particulier – par l’État. Entre suspicion de surveillance politique et moqueries face à la prétendue scientificité des méthodes employées, le scandale s’étale dans la presse avant de s’inviter dans les débats de la Chambre des Communes. L’intervention interroge les rapports entre science et politique, et éclaire la figure ambivalente du scientifique et de l’enquêteur de terrain dans le Royaume-Uni des années 1940.

Attention : le port du masque est obligatoire dans tous les espaces de la Maison de la Recherche.
La communication d’Ariane Mak sera également diffusée sur Zoom : lien habituel, disponible auprès de fbensimon[at]free.fr


Florence Sutcliffe-Braithwaite: « Something changed, I’m sure it did, for women; it must have »: Deindustrialisation and individualism in working-class families in Britain’s coalfields after 1945 (1er octobre)

Attention : cette séance n’aura pas lieu à la Maison de la Recherche, mais uniquement en visioconférence: veuillez contacter fbensimon(at)free.fr pour avoir le lien


Jeudi 1er octobre à 17h : Florence Sutcliffe-Braithwaite (University College London) : ‘ »Something changed, I’m sure it did, for women; it must have »: Deindustrialisation and individualism in working-class families in Britain’s coalfields after 1945’
 
Economic historian Jim Tomlinson has recently suggested that deindustrialisation should be used as an alternative meta-narrative for understanding postwar British history, transecting the typical political narrative that structures understandings of the period – that is, the story of a ‘social democratic’ settlement inaugurated by Attlee and then disrupted in the 1970s and replaced with a Thatcherite or ‘neoliberal’ one.  Writing from the perspective of social and cultural history, I have recently written, along with Emily Robinson, Camilla Schofield, and Natalie Thomlinson, of the importance of growing discourses of popular individualism in the postwar decades, which, in a similar way, cut across and interacted with Thatcherism, but which were not driven predominantly by politics. In this paper, I analyse how deindustrialisation and individualism changed the structure and culture of family life in working-class families in Britain’s coalfields in the decades after 1945.


Florence Sutcliffe-Braithwaite travaille en particulier sur l’expérience des femmes dans la grève des mineurs de 1984-1985 https://www.coalfield-women.org 

Steven O’Connor : “‘This French force must be an asset and not a liability’: the British approach to coalition warfare during the Second World War” (27/02)

Steven O’Connor, de Sorbonne Université, présentera sa communication “‘This French force must be an asset and not a liability’: the British approach to coalition warfare during the Second World War” le jeudi 27 février à 17h. Maison de la Recherche, 28 rue Serpente, Paris 6e, salle D421.

Abstract: How does an army integrate foreign soldiers, overcoming the differences of language, culture, training and equipment?  Taking the Free French forces in the Libyan campaign of 1942 as a case study, this presentation will examine the problems resulting from Allied units serving under British command and how they were resolved. In particular, it will examine the work of the British army’s liaison mission to these Free French forces, named the ‘Spears Mission’ after its commander General Edward Spears, which played an important role in Free French success in 1942. The liaison officers of the Spears Mission represented Free French needs and problems to the British high command, while also having responsibility for ensuring that the Free French followed British procedures and orders. Managing Franco-British military relations was a difficult task and sometimes the Mission was the victim of both sides’ frustration. Yet, this presentation will show that despite setbacks, or perhaps because of them, interallied military cooperation gradually improved during the 1942 Libyan campaign, which saw the first sustained, large-scale deployment of Free French forces under British command.

« A House through time » (David Olusoga, 2018, BBC)

La séance du jeudi 30 janvier (17h, Maison de la Recherche, 28 rue Serpente, Paris 6e, salle D421) sera consacrée à la projection du documentaire de la BBC « A House through time » (David Olusoga, 2018, première partie), sur l’histoire d’une maison de Liverpool depuis 1840. La projection sera suivie d’une brève discussion sur les sources disponibles pour l’histoire des individus.


Résumé : Ce documentaire aborde l’histoire de Liverpool à travers celle d’une de ses maisons en alignement, 62 Falkner Street, construite dans les années 1830 dans le quartier géorgien de la ville. L’équipe du film a tenté de documenter la vie des quelque 120 personnes qui ont habité l’adresse, depuis la construction jusqu’à nos jours. Initialement située dans un quartier bourgeois, l’histoire de la maison reflète le développement de la seconde ville portuaire britannique, puis son déclin après la Seconde Guerre mondiale, et enfin la gentrification de cette partie de Liverpool depuis les années 1990.
A sa manière, le film montre quelles sources variées peuvent être mobilisées pour documenter l’histoire des individus aux 19e et 20e siècles.

Dr. Jackie Uí Chionna: « Family Networks in the Revolutionary Generation: The Ryans of Tomcoole, A Case Study. » (28/11)

Dr. Jackie Uí Chionna, de National University of Ireland, Galway, présentera sa communication « Family Networks in the Revolutionary Generation: The Ryans of Tomcoole, A Case Study. » le jeudi 28 novembre de 17h à 18h30. Maison de la Recherche, 28 rue Serpente, Paris 6e, salle D421.

The story of the Ryan girls is a fabulous family saga about a group of young women who were liberated by education and their own affirmative personalities in the early years of the 20th century…The standard biographies of Irish lives often ignore spouses and family connections, but these women were clearly influential on that revolutionary generation around them.’ Mary Kenny. Belfast Newsletter, 7 October 2014. Mary Kenny is an author, broadcaster, playwright and journalist.

Mary Kate (Kit), Josephine Mary (Min), Christina and Phyllis Ryan were sisters, and part of a close family circle, the Ryans, from Toomcoole, Co. Wexford, Ireland. Brought up in a strongly nationalist family, all of the sisters progressed to university, and their education, relationships and social circles placed them at the very heart of the revolutionary movement in the period 1912-1922.  Three of the sisters were in relationships with leading figures in the 1916 Rising – Phyllis and Min themselves served as messengers during the Rising. But they were also bright young women, who studied abroad, and whilst studying in London and Paris, they communicated with each other by way of a writing book or jotter, which was then circulated from one sister to another. They also wrote copious amounts of letters to each other, comparing notes on everything from political movements to their latest boyfriends and social lives. This will examine the correspondence of the Ryan sisters as a case study in the significance of family networks for the revolutionary generation in British and Irish history.

Sheila Rowbotham : « Memories of the  beginnings of  Women’s Liberation groups  in Britain  in  1969” (21/11)

Sheila Rowbotham présentera sa communication « Memories of the  beginnings of  Women’s Liberation groups  in Britain  in  1969” le jeudi 21 novembre de 17h à 18h30. Maison de la Recherche, 28 rue Serpente, Paris 6e, salle D421

Sheila Rowbotham, who helped to start the women’s liberation movement in Britain, has written widely on the history of feminism and radical social movements, her most recent books are Edward Carpenter: A Life of Liberty and Love (2008) Dreamers of a New Day (2010) and Rebel Crossings: New Women, Free Lovers and Radicals in Britain and the United States. (2016) Formerly a professor at Manchester University. She is now an   Honorary Fellow  at  Manchester  and  has  received  an  honorary  doctorate  from  the  University of  Sheffield.

Pierre Purseigle : « Reparation, reconstruction, and remembrance. The reconfiguration of the transatlantic alliance in the aftermath of the First World War » (14/11)

Pierre Purseigle (Université de Warwick et IEA Paris Seine) présentera sa communication « Reparation, reconstruction, and remembrance. The reconfiguration of the transatlantic alliance in the aftermath of the First World War » le jeudi 14 novembre 2019 de 17h à 18h30. Maison de la Recherche, 28 rue Serpente, Paris 6e, salle D421

Abstract : “Based on a work-in-progress on the comparative and transnational history of urban reconstruction after 1918, this paper sets out to explain why the Allied powers, and specifically Britain and the USA, never lived up the expectations of the “sinistrés.” This story however is not simply that of the dissolution of a wartime coalition. This paper will place the process of reconstruction in the wider context of wartime mobilisation and post-conflict demobilisation. It will seek not to reprise the long-lasting debate over peace-making and reparations, but to supplement conventional approaches to the consolidation of Western Europe after the conflict. It will highlight a long-underestimated circulation of representations, people and funds as well as the transnational networks of sociability that contributed to the reconstruction of Belgium and France. »

Laura Schwartz : « Feminism and the Servant Problem: Class and Domestic Labour in the British Women’s Suffrage Movement » (11/04)

Laura Schwartz, de University of Warwick, présentera sa communication « Feminism and the Servant Problem: Class and Domestic Labour in the British Women’s Suffrage Movement » le jeudi 11 avril 2019 de 17h30 à 19h. Maison de la Recherche, 28 rue Serpente, Paris 6e , salle D421

« In the early twentieth century, more and more women fought for the right to professional employment and political influence outside the home. Yet if liberation from household ‘drudgery’ meant employing another woman to do it, where did this leave domestic servants? Both inspired and frustrated by a growing feminist movement, servants began forming their own trade unions and demanding better conditions and rights at work. Feminism and the Servant Problem is the first ever history of how these militant maids and their mistresses joined forces in the struggle for the vote but also clashed over competing class interests. Laura Schwartz uncovers a forgotten history of domestic worker organising and early feminist thinking on reproductive labour, offering a new perspective on the class politics of the suffrage movement and challenging traditional notions of who made up the British working-class. »

Laura Schwartz is Associate Professor of Modern British History at the University of Warwick. She has published widely on the history of British feminism, and is the author of A Serious Endeavour: Gender, Education and Community at St Hugh’s, 1886-2011 (2011), and Infidel Feminism: Secularism, Religion and Women’s Emancipation in England, 1830-1914 (2013).

Discutante : Rebecca Rogers (Paris-Descartes)

Contact : Fabrice Bensimon fbensimon@free.fr

Mrinalini Sinha : « Anatomy of a Protest: The Abolition of Indian Indentured Labor in the British Empire » (06/12)

Mrinalini Sinha, de University of Michigan, présentera sa communication  « Anatomy of a Protest: The Abolition of Indian Indentured Labor in the British Empire » le jeudi 6 décembre de 17h30 à 19h.
Maison de la Recherche, 28 rue Serpente, Paris 6e , salle D421

Résumé :
« Kunti, a dalit (“untouchable” caste) woman, became the poster child for the nation-wide movement in India against the abolition of the system of indentured labor in 1917. The system, managed by the colonial government in India, had supplied approximately 1.3 million workers from India to plantations overseas in the aftermath of the abolition of Atlantic slavery in the 1830s. This paper explores how a woman at the very bottom of the caste hierarchy in India became the face for an empire-wide change. It will argue that Kunti’s role in the movement illustrates an important dimension of the abolitionist movement: the construction of the “people” (or the demos) as the subject of a new kind of politics in late colonial India. »

Emily Baughan : “Saving the Children in the 1960s: the Development Decade and the Decline of Humanitarian Internationalism” (29/11)

Emily Baughan, de University of Sheffield, présentera sa communication “Saving the Children in the 1960s: the Development Decade and the Decline of Humanitarian Internationalism” le jeudi 29 novembre 2018 de 17h30 à 19h. Maison de la Recherche, 28 rue Serpente, 75006, salle D421.


Résumé :

« The 1960s saw the rapid dismantling of the British empire, and the simultaneous rise of a British international development industry. A recent literature has argued that the rise of development at the moment of decolonisation was a means for British public and government to retain their position as global leaders after empire’s end. Development repackaged traditions of colonial rule as international benevolence, and repurposed imperial expertise for new international development projects.  In this paper, I provide a new perspective on British involvement in the ‘development decade’ of the 1960s, examining the relationship between humanitarian interventions overseas and the growing apparatus of the welfare state at home. The doctrine of development was highly dependent on advances in welfare in Britain. Development programmes were a space in which African and Caribbean nurses – many of whom had trained in the postwar British welfare state –gained power and position in their communities. It was these women, rather than expatriate male experts – who shaped the British development agenda on the ground.  Certainly, development was a legacy of British imperialism. Yet, development should also be understood as an attempt to globalise postwar welfare, and to challenge the very colonial legacies that it sought to embed. »

Séance exceptionnelle : Antoine Capet autour de son ouvrage « Churchill. Le dictionnaire » (mardi 19/06)

Séance exceptionnelle : nous assisterons à une discussion croisée en compagnie du professeur Antoine Capet autour de son ouvrage Churchill. Le dictionnaire le mardi 19 juin 2018 de 17h30 à 19h30. Maison de la Recherche, 28 rue Serpente, 75006, salle D421.

Discutant : Prof. James Muller (University of Alaska, prof. invité par le laboratoire AGORA, université de Cergy-Pontoise).

Professor Antoine Capet, Fellow of the Royal Historical Society, was Head of British Studies at the University of Rouen (France) until July 2014, when he became Emeritus. After submitting his Doctorat d’État on the British governing classes and social reform, 1931-1951 (published 1991), he continued to concentrate his research on Britain in and before the Second World War, more specifically on Churchill in recent years. His paper given at the Annual Conference of the Churchill Centre, in London in October 2011, on ‘The triple Special Relationship: Churchill – Roosevelt – de Gaulle’ was published in Finest Hour in 2014 and his discussion of ‘ “The Creeds of the Devil”: Churchill between the Two Totalitarianisms, 1917-1945’ is available on line on the website of the International Churchill Society. He has translated Speaking for Themselves, the correspondence between Winston and Clementine (2012), the abridged edition of The World Crisis (2 vol., 2013-2014) and Great Contemporaries (2017) for Éditions Tallandier, Paris. He contributed to the Catalogue of the major ‘Churchill–de Gaulle’ Exhibition at the Invalides, Paris (April-July 2015), on the literary and historical legacy in their speeches and writings. His 870-page Dictionnaire Churchill was published by Éditions Perrin, Paris, in January 2018. Professor Capet has been Editor of the ‘Britain since 1914’ section of the Royal Historical Society Bibliography since 2001 and he sits on the International Board of Twentieth Century British History (Oxford University Press).

James W. Muller is Professor of Political Science at the University of Alaska, Anchorage, where he has taught since 1983. Educated at Harvard University and the Ecole Normale Supérieure, rue d’Ulm, he is a by-fellow of Churchill College, Cambridge, and academic chairman of the International Churchill Society. He is editor of several books by and about Churchill, including new editions of Churchill’s interwar books of essays Thoughts and Adventures and Great Contemporaries (ISI Books, 2009 and 2012). His definitive two-volume edition of Churchill’s early book The River War: An Historical Account of the Reconquest of the Soudan, will be published in two volumes by St. Augustine’s Press.

Bernhard Dietz & Wencke Meteling : « German Perspectives on British Contemporary History : The Case of Economic Competitiveness and the “New Spirit of Capitalism” since the 1970’s »

Dr. Bernhard Dietz (Johannes Gutenberg Universität Mainz) et Dr. Wencke Meteling (Philipps Universität, Marburg) présenteront leur communication « German Perspectives on British Contemporary History : The Case of Economic Competitiveness and the “New Spirit of Capitalism” since the 1970’s », le jeudi 17 mai 2018 de 17h30 à 19h30. Maison de la Recherche, 28 rue Serpente, 75006, salle D421.

Bernhard Dietz et Wencke Meteling sont membres de l’Arbeitskreis Großbritannien Forschung / German Association for British Studies. Bernhard Dietz est notamment l’auteur de Neo-Tories. British Conservatives in Rebellion against Democracy and Political odernity, 1929-39 (Londres, Bloomsbury, 2018) ; Wencke Meteling a récemment édité, en collaboration avec Ariane Leendertz, l’ouvrage Die neue Wirklichkeit : Semantische Neuvermessungen und Politik seit den 1970er-Jahren, Francfort-sur-le-Main, 2016.

Cette séance est organisée avec le soutien du DAAD.

Keith Gildart : « Writing Labour Life Stories: The Dictionary of Labour Biography in the Twenty-First Century » (23/11)

Keith Gildart, professeur à University of Wolverhampton (Labour and Social History) et co-éditeur du Dictionary of Labour Biography, présentera sa communication « Writing Labour Life Stories: The Dictionary of Labour Biography in the Twenty-First Century » le jeudi 23 novembre 2017 de 17h30 à 19h30. Maison de la Recherche, 28 rue Serpente, 75006, salle D421.

Résumé :

« The idea of a Dictionary of Labour Biography (DLB) originated with the socialist activist and theoretician G.D.H. Cole. For many years Cole had been collecting biographical snippets of labour movement figures. Names and details were initially entered into a number of manuscript volumes. In early 1959 after Cole’s death, his widow handed the volumes to Asa Briggs and John Saville. They both agreed that if research funds became available then Saville should take over the work of compiling a Dictionary using the Cole manuscripts as a starting point. It was first intended to produce a single large volume on the lines of Who’s Who but the scope of the Dictionary grew as the work progressed. Once information started to be collected it was clear that the project would have to be multi-volume and open-ended. With the publication of the first edition in 1972 the DLB has now run to 14 volumes. This presentation will explore the origins and development of the DLB, the methodological challenges it faces in the twenty first century, and the ways it can be used to explore the past, present, and future of labour history.

 

Discutant : Paul Boulland, co-éditeur du Maitron – dictionnaire biographique du mouvement ouvrier français, CNRS, Centre d’Histoire sociale du XXe siècle (UMR8058), Centre Pouchet (59, rue Pouchet, 75017 Paris)